To what extent have emerging social movements caused politicians to respond with effective social change? 

In May 2020, the murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis galvanised the Black Lives Matter movement in an unprecedented manner. The uproar for justice echoed throughout the globe calling for a confrontation of the racial violence inherent in present social and political systems. Protestors called for the toppling of colonial statues as an attempt to terminate the glorification of nations colonial pasts and the systemic racism that it accompanied. Did these calls by protestors cause political leaders to become cognisant of the social problem at hand and to make political amendments that would achieve their movements goal of a more equal, anti-discriminatory society? To what extent has the Black Lives Matter movement, or any other recent demonstration of collective action, been able to nudge political leaders such that effective social change has occurred?